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BLOCKCHAIN technologies and their application in government administration

The purpose of the article. The article considers the Blockchain
technology as an innovative tool. In particular, the essence and
background of the development of blocks, the principles and specifics
of the functioning of the system, as well as the scheme of its work,
are determined. The article presents the prospects for usingdistributed
registry technologies (blockchain) in various socioeconomic spheres
related to state administration. Provided examples and forecasts of the
use of blockchain technologies in the provision of state and municipal
services for individuals and legal entities in the following areas:
formation of a unified register containing the history of the placement
of the state, municipal order, as well as procurement of corporations
with state participation and / or control; registers of documents
(diplomas, certificates, lost and disavowed passports, policies for
movable and immovable property insurance, health, etc.); database of
court decisions and executive proceedings; public participation portals
for citizens of Ukraine district – city – country. The fact that the
blockchain technology is, first of all, the principles, and not the
only possible way of implementing them, allows us to count on maximum
openness and multivariate application in a dynamically changingchanging
«digital world». Methodology. The research methodology is to use a
combination of methods: analytical, historical, comparative. The
scientific novelty. The priority of state blockchain systems
introduction in stationary and distant voting, distributed document
circulation, medical data registration, land resources registration,
electronic auctions (auctions) in Ukraine was grounded. Conclusions.
Already today, blockchain systems can change the role and participation
of citizens in the conduct of the state-management process, by raising
the responsibility level, from the transparent will expression in the
elections to regulating the government service activity in the
society’s digitization conditions. The main advantages blockchain
systems using by public authorities that will increase the level of
citizens trust to digital technologies using in general, namely:
reliability and reliability of data storage, transparency of
transactions and virtually absolute protection of information from
distortion and unauthorized removal (relocation), are determined. In
further scientific research it is proposed to consider the promising
areas of the blockchain digital technology usage: service activities of
public authorities, legal proceedings, property rights management,
implementation of migration control, verification of goods and
services, registration of data on passing qualifying tests, patenting,
intellectual property, digital identification, logistics , taxation,
accounting of budget funds movement.

Keywords: Blockchain, public
administration, platform, technology, information technology,
e-government

Kozyak M. V. Koyak I. V

“BLOCKCHAINtechnologies and their application in government administration” 182-190
https://doi.org/10.33813/2224-1213.19.2019.15


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Леонід Шморгун

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